Pronunciation disorder in children’s speech

If your child has difficulty pronouncing some Persian sounds and in his speech, it is necessary to pay attention to the following points.

If you are worried about your child’s pronunciation problem, read on

If the children’s pronunciation problem is not solved, it will cause a severe decrease in the child’s self-confidence, and also the continuation of this process in school will often lead to serious problems in reading and writing. Refer to the speech therapist to determine the extent and severity of the child’s disorder based on it and the age at which sounds appear and develop.

From birth, our baby begins to cry with his voice and begins to develop speech and sound.

Phonetic evolution stages:

From birth to one month: Vital cries and sounds are sounds that the baby makes during this time.

One to four months: The baby begins to laugh and make basic noises.

Four to eight months: Produces a long chain of sounds and starts playing phonics like “Daddy” or “Ggggg”

Six to 12 months old: The baby produces a line of “Babababa” or “Dadadada” syllables that are usually repetitive and do not appear to be communicative.

Twelve months onwards: Adds vowel-consonant-vowel combinations and has different components in each row. Towards the end of this process, songs are added to these compositions that resemble the speech of adults, such as “Baba”, “Mama”, “No”.

The child learns to produce the correct speech sounds by listening to and imitating appropriate patterns, and the child develops language skills on a regular basis.
He starts talking with unintelligible whispers and continues to learn spoken sounds until school.

Pronunciation disorder

Before reaching the speech

The child does not have proper and purposeful control over his voice before saying his first word, but the children do not do this consciously and only attract the attention of caregivers to take care of them.

After the first year, the child becomes more and more proficient in the phonetic system and enjoys doing so much, so that even when no one is with them, they start to sing. The child does not make vocalizations at this stage in order to communicate.

The characteristics and type of speech of adults and the type of games they play with the child have a significant impact on the child’s speech development process.

Age of learning spoken sounds

Speech sounds in Persian appear in a speech at different ages depending on whether they are difficult or easy and develop after a period of time, which means that the child can express it correctly in all phonetic contexts (words)…

It takes two to three years from the age of emergence to the evolution of a sound, the harder the sound, the later the emergence, and the longer the evolution.

For example, the sound / t / is a sound that appears at the age of one and usually develops up to the age of three, but the sound / s / does not appear before the age of one and a half and usually lasts for four years due to its development. Production features / s /, which are more difficult for children to use later in their speech, so they replace the sound / t / because it is easier and say “tib” instead of “apple”.

Most of the time, in normal children, this problem will eventually go away by the age of four or four and a half. But if the problem persists beyond this age, we should be concerned about this.
If left unmanaged, they can be left astray and lose the right path.

Therefore, if you think that your child has a disorder in the production of sounds, you should see a speech therapist, based on it and the age of emergence and development of sounds, the speech therapist after careful evaluation, determines the extent and severity of the child’s disorder.


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