Everything you need to know about feeding children breast Know
All mothers want to know about breastfeeding and other things. We have talked to experts about this so that you know what you need to know and do not drown in the whirlpool of information that your friends and family give you! Breast milk is the best food for the baby and protects the baby from various diseases. In addition to containing all the vitamins and nutrients needed for the baby in the first 6 months of life, breast milk also contains anti-disease substances that bring the same health to children.
Mysteries of breastfeeding
The correct way to breastfeed The
first hours that a baby is born, the mother should put her breasts in the baby’s mouth in the right way, and it is better for the mother to breastfeed in the first hours and minutes. It may take up to 3 days for the hormonal effects of pregnancyIt suppresses breastfeeding and is eliminated from the mother’s body, but during this time, the same amount of milk that the mother gives to the baby is enough for the baby. The adequacy of breastfeeding time is determined when the baby has good urine.
He should urinate 6 or 7 times a day. The most common problem mothers face is nipple sores while breastfeeding. This problem indicates that the mother does not know the correct way to breastfeed. Coffee haloThe color of the nipple should be completely in the baby’s mouth. The baby’s upper lip should be in and the baby’s lower lip should be out, and the baby should not suckle.
The mother should place 4 fingers under the breast and the thumb at the top so that it rests on the breast and leaves the front of the baby’s nose free. The thumb acts as a lever under the baby’s jaw and stimulates the baby to breastfeed. When breastfeeding, the mother should pay close attention to the baby. The mother’s face should be towards the baby’s face. This is very important.
Breastfeeding from one breast
Most babies only breastfeed from one breast and refuse to breastfeed when the mother tries the other breast because of differences in the nipples or problems with the breastfeeding technique. It is better for the mother to try to breastfeed the baby from both breasts and to breastfeed from one breast each time. The mother plays an important role in the baby’s breastfeeding habit.
The habit of which breastfeeding baby depends entirely on the mother’s performance. The mother may be right-handed and accustomed to breastfeeding, or vice versa. The mother should try to breastfeed from both breasts from the first day. The first part is watery milk and is suitable for quenching the baby’s thirst . The end of the milk is also thicker and has a higher amount of calories and fat.
The effect of stress on breast milk
Stress alone does not reduce milk production but may create an unfavorable environment for breastfeeding. The mother’s emotional issues and the mother’s full readiness to breastfeed are very important. The first skin contact between mother and baby is very important. Lack of anxiety and stress is very important for a breastfeeding mother. The mother must have peace of mind to be able to continue breastfeeding her baby.
Most mothers are able to breastfeed their babies. In the meantime, emotional issues and especially the support of the father of the family are very important. If a person suffers from postpartum depression , they must see a specialist. Depending on the severity of the disease, special treatments are given.
Cracks Nipple cracks are common at the beginning of breastfeeding. Nipple cracking usually occurs in the first or second week of breastfeeding. If a mother has this problem, the way she breastfeeds is wrong. The mother can smear the fat around the breast with milk at any time. This is the best solution and fat that can be used to lubricate the breast skin.
Breastfeeding should be adjusted to avoid cleft palate. Some mothers have their nipples pointing inward. These mothers are advised to use a bottle. They can push their nipples outward before sucking and feeding, or even find the nipple by massaging their breasts. The glass head is suitable for breasts that face inwards and breasts that have fissures.
Breast size and its effect on breastfeeding
Anatomically, there are 15 to 20 lobes (mammary glands) in each breast, which makes the breasts different in size. The size of a mother’s breasts does not affect her milk supply. A mother may have small breasts, but her baby will gain weight and breastfeed well.
During breastfeeding, she may have a discharge from the breast or the mother may be working and not at home, in which case she can express her milk and then give it to the baby with a spoon. Breast milk can be stored at room temperature for up to 6 hours. Milk can also be stored in the refrigerator for up to 2 days, in a jar for up to 3 weeks and in the freezer for up to 3 months. This method is very suitable for working mothers. Working mothers can breastfeed themselves or use a milking machine.
Possible reasons for the baby not wanting to breastfeed for a few days
1 – New foods or other changes in the mother’s diet that may change the taste of breast milk.
2- Teething of the baby and sensitization of his gums, which makes breastfeeding painful for him.
3 – You may be stressed and the baby may notice this mental state of yours.
4 – You have changed the way you breastfeed.
5 – Regular and balanced exercise is not an obstacle for breastfeeding, but sometimes it is seen that after intense physical activity and exercise breastfeeding, due to the entry of lactic acid into the milk, a bitter taste is created in the milk.
6- You reacted to the baby’s accidental biting loudly and scared him.
7 – You have changed your perfume or deodorant and the baby has noticed a change in your smell.
8 – Your baby may have an ear infection ,Runny nose and other complications in the baby that make breastfeeding painful or uncomfortable for the baby.
9- Intense physical activity of the breastfeeding mother due to the entry of lactic acid into the milk, makes the breast milk bitter and therefore the infant refuses to eat milk.
Remove the barriers to milk!
Dr. Akbar Kooshanfar, a pediatrician and professor at Shahid Beheshti University, talks about breastfeeding problems and ways to solve them:
Breast milk is completely sufficient and healthy for feeding infants from birth to 6 months. Breast milk is very useful for the physical and mental development of the infant and the movement of the infant. The mother who intends to breastfeed the baby should be fully aware of the method of breastfeeding. Feed the baby when it is not time for the baby to sleep, the baby is hungry and there is no abdominal pain. Sometimes there are reasons why a baby refuses to breastfeed. The mother’s nipple may not be prominent and the baby may have difficulty breastfeeding.
Due to this problem, the mother should be prepared in advance to solve the problem so that her baby does not face the problem of breastfeeding. Sometimes the mother’s breasts are large and it prevents the baby from breathing, so the mother should breastfeed the baby in a way that prevents Do not breathe baby. Sometimes the mother’s nipple is sore from sucking milk, in which case the mother must use special ointments to be able to breastfeed the baby.
Breastfeeding is easy to digest according to the breastfeeding schedule and there is no set time and schedule for breastfeeding. It is a natural fact that many breastfeeding problems can be prevented when the baby’s abdomen is regularly full and the breasts are emptied one after the other.
No timeline can determine the time of breastfeeding. Some children need to be fed earlier than once every 2 hours and others at longer intervals. What is certain if the child in terms of weight gainIf there is no problem, you can stop breastfeeding after about 20 minutes and be sure that the baby will not go hungry.
In the case of children who tend to fall asleep after a few minutes of breastfeeding and the mother is sure that the baby is not full yet, it is recommended to keep the baby awake by changing the breast or getting a burp and changing diapers to continue breastfeeding. . Of course, the amount of wet and dirty baby diapers will be a good measure of how full the baby is. In the case of a baby who is only breastfeeding for a short time, it is best to try breastfeeding at shorter intervals or frequently and consecutively.
One of the important criteria in breastfeeding adequacy is the baby’s growth chart. Each infant gains between 500 and 600 grams per month, which indicates that the baby is healthy and that breast milk is sufficient. Of course, the baby loses weight in the first 2 weeks of life. Another criterion in the adequacy of breast milk is the number of very wet baby diapers per day, which is between 6 and 8 is appropriate.
For the first 6 weeks, the baby will usually have 2 to 5 bowel movements during the day. The mother should have good nutrition. Take the necessary vitamins, iron and calcium so that the milk he gives to the baby is enough for him and the baby grows normally. The mother can breastfeed every 1.5 to 2 hours so that the baby has enough rest at these intervals and wakes up whenever he is hungry. In the first 2 months, when the baby is growing fast, the baby demands milk even at night. In this case, the mother should accompany the baby and breastfeed the baby at night.
Infections transmitted from breast milk to the baby
There is usually no barrier to breastfeeding, except in special cases where the mother has a disease that is dangerous to the baby and infects the baby’s breast milk. Among these diseases is open pulmonary tuberculosis. In this disease, because the mother is infected, she can not breastfeed the baby. Also, mothers with severe breast abscesses should not breastfeed. Sometimes the mother may not be in a good mood, in which case it is better not to breastfeed. In cases such as colds and angina, because the mother is being treated with medication and there is no need to worry, the mother can breastfeed.